Reading Fluency is one the five essential components of effective reading instruction.
The National Reading Panel evaluated over 100,000 research studies and determined that there are 5 critical components for reading instruction. There is no longer a debate in education about what a child needs to become a successful reader!
The 5 components are:
- Phonemic awareness
Let’s take an in-depth look into Fluency – specifically Oral Reading Fluency. At a recent Langsford event, we presented this information to educators from numerous Louisville schools.
Oral Reading Fluency
- is the ability to read accurately, smoothly and with expression
- sounds natural — much like speaking
- leads to comprehension and motivation to read
- has 3 key elements to assess and develop
- Prosody (appropriate expression, phrasing, smoothness, and pace)
To assess Oral Reading Fluency, you need to determine accuracy and rate. The researchers who have set the gold standard for measuring these 2 factors are Jan Hasbrouck and Gerald Tindal.
The Hasbrouck and Tindal Norms, as we call them, offer accuracy and rate guidelines for 1st through 8th graders. This, partnered with a scale to rate prosody based on the Multidimensional Fluency Scale by Tim Rasinski, will give you a good measure of a student’s fluency in only a few minutes.
Here are links for:
Here’s to reading with fluency and joy!